WHO data shows that 500,000 new cases of cervical cancer every year popping up all over the world. Half, ending with death. Most cases (80%) occurred in low-income countries. Recent data for Indonesia: 65% -70% of women are diagnosed with cervical cancer was already entered stage 2, 3, even 4 (Cipto Mangunkusumo, 2010). In a way, this is the result of at least the woman who cares about reproductive health.
In 1983 the cause of cervical cancer is found. Known, these cancer stems from the incidence of infection in the female reproductive system, due to the ‘action’ human papilloma virus (HPV). Supposedly, these findings be good news. From what was the mysterious silent disease, preventive vaccine virus was finally able to be made. Moreover, Professor Ian Frazer, director of the Diamantina Institute Brisbane, Chairman of the Advisory Committee for Medical Research at the Australian Cancer Research Foundation and the inventor of the cervical cancer vaccine, to ensure that cervical cancer can be cured. Condition, must be found and treated in stages (stage) early.
Professor Frazer said, the same as the nature of viruses in general, the HPV virus can affect anyone and spread to anywhere. Indeed, the body has a natural ability to conquer the virus so that not to grow into cervical cancer. But unfortunately, in some people, the virus resides. The duration can be more than 5, 7, or 10 years, until finally detected. That’s why early detection is required at least once a year by doing a pap smear. If the virus had already infected, but has been known since the beginning of its development, it is still treatable. In fact, the latest treatments can promise 100% recovery. Prof. Frazer reminded only by early detection, women can help themselves to survive the threat of cervical cancer and treatment can be done as early as possible.
There are some important things you need to know:
Regardless of age and lifestyle, every woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer caused by HPV infection.
It is estimated, 50% -80% of women infected with the HPV virus through sexual contacts. And, 50% of these infections could potentially lead to cervical cancer. Risk happened even since the first sexual contacts.
A woman who was exposed to HPV virus and managed to recover, remain at risk of re-infection with HPV types of the same – or different – and remain at risk of cervical cancer.
Screening, a pap smear and VIA (visual inspection acetic acid, using a smear of acid liquid), can detect early cervical cancer. Through screening, cell changes can be identified its presence in the cervix.
Early detection with pap smear can not prevent HPV infection, but can help detect cervical cancer development.
(Source: Interim Meeting AOGIN Bali 2011)